President Biden signed a invoice on Tuesday that removes the bust of former Supreme Courtroom Chief Justice Roger Taney, who authored the court docket’s Dred Scott resolution, from the Capitol Constructing.
The invoice, which handed the Home and Senate by voice vote earlier this month, additionally directs the bust to get replaced with one among Thurgood Marshall, the primary Black Supreme Courtroom justice who was recognized for his civil rights work.
Democrats had pushed for the elimination for a number of years. The Home beforehand handed a invoice to take away Taney’s bust in a 285-120 vote in June 2021, however the Senate didn’t take up the laws.
Taney authored the Supreme Courtroom’s 1857 Dred Scott v. Sandford resolution, which dominated that individuals of African descent weren’t residents and consequently couldn’t sue in federal court docket.
The choice additionally deemed the Missouri Structure unconstitutional, ruling that Congress couldn’t ban slavery within the territories.
Taney’s opinion was later successfully overturned with the passage of the thirteenth and 14th Amendments, which outlawed slavery and assured citizenship for all folks born or naturalized within the U.S., respectively.
“As a fellow Baltimore native, I’m significantly proud that Justice Marshall, a deeply admired jurist and a trailblazing champion of civil rights, will quickly take his place amid the Capitol’s pantheon of nice American patriots,” Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) stated in an announcement upon the Home passing the invoice.
The invoice directs the Congressional Joint Committee on the Library to take away the Taney bust, which is situated within the Previous Supreme Courtroom Chamber throughout the Capitol Constructing, and to acquire a bust of Marshall for set up within the Capitol or on the Capitol Grounds.
Biden signed the laws alongside a bunch of different payments on Tuesday earlier than he left for the Virgin Islands for a trip in the course of the New Years vacation.