Democrats retained management of the Senate by profitable races in the important thing battleground states of Pennsylvania, Arizona, Nevada, and New Hampshire. In Georgia, Democrat Sen. Raphael Warnock edged previous Republican Herschel Walker 49.4 % to 48.5 %, however the race proceeded to a runoff as a result of neither candidate reached 50 %.
Not like within the 2020 election cycle, this yr’s Georgia runoff won’t decide management of the Senate as a result of Democrats have already secured 50 seats elsewhere; nevertheless, the race remains to be crucial for each events as they look forward to 2024 and past.
One of many defining variations between the Home and the Senate is that representatives are up for election each two years whereas senators are up for election each six. If one social gathering does poorly in Home elections one yr, they’ll take solace understanding that each single Home seat will likely be up for grabs once more two years later. But when they do poorly in Senate elections one yr, that makes the general Senate math tougher for them in subsequent years.
The Georgia Senate runoff is very essential for Democrats due to how tough it could be for them to carry their Senate majority two years from now. As J. Miles Coleman of Sabato’s Crystal Ball noted, “The Georgia runoff is the primary Senate race of 2024.”
If Warnock can win the Georgia runoff, Democrats may have gained a seat on this yr’s Senate elections, bringing them as much as 51 seats. This could give them extra respiratory room within the 2024 cycle after they need to defend a number of seats in closely Republican states.
First, there’s West Virginia, which voted for Donald Trump by 39 factors in 2020. Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.) defeated Republican Patrick Morrisey by 3 factors in 2018, however that was throughout a blue wave yr. It’s simple to think about that West Virginia could possibly be a Republican pickup throughout a presidential yr, when ticket-splitting could also be decrease and the nationwide surroundings is probably not so Democratic-leaning. Plus, latest polling has steered that Manchin’s reputation with independents suffered after he helped move the Democrats’ Inflation Discount Act.
Second, there’s Montana, which voted for Trump by 16 factors in 2020. Democratic Sen. Jon Tester (D-Mont.) defeated his Republican challengers by 4 factors in 2012 and 2018, however a number of high-profile Republicans with statewide title recognition are already contemplating taking him on.
Third, there’s Ohio, which voted for Trump by 8 factors in 2016. Democratic Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) gained re-election in 2018 regardless of Ohio’s more and more Republican lean, however there’s no assure that he can replicate that efficiency with a Republican presidential candidate driving turnout and partisan polarization from the highest of the ticket. Plus, the GOP will likely be inspired by Republican J.D. Vance’s victory on this yr’s Senate race, regardless of dealing with a powerful opponent in Democrat Tim Ryan.
Whereas Democrats might profit from incumbency in every of those three races, they’re nonetheless very tough seats to carry given the growing nationalization of down-ballot races.
In 2016, each single Senate race was gained by the social gathering that carried the state on the presidential degree. In 2020, all however one Senate race (Maine) was gained by the social gathering that gained the state within the presidential election.
Given simply how Republican West Virginia, Montana, and Ohio have been on the presidential degree the previous two cycles, it’s simple to think about a situation the place Democrats lose some — or all — of those seats in 2024.
Past these three states, Democrats have to defend Senate seats in presidential battlegrounds like Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Nevada, and Arizona. On the flipside, Republicans don’t have many susceptible seats to defend — their two most susceptible seats are in Texas and Florida, each of which simply re-elected Republican governors by double-digits.
General, the 2024 Senate map is fairly brutal for Democrats — they may undoubtedly be the social gathering on protection.
If Warnock can win the Georgia runoff, that’ll give Democrats a greater likelihood of sustaining their majority in two years. And if they’ll do this and take again the Home, that might allow Biden to move extra of his legislative priorities ought to he be re-elected.
Ryan Matsumoto is a politics and elections analyst for Inside Elections, which supplies nonpartisan evaluation of campaigns for Senate, Home, governor and president. Comply with him on Twitter @ryanmatsumoto1.